According to provisional results of 2011 census of India. Darjeeling urban agglomeration has a population of 132,016. The sex ratio is 1005 females per 1000 males. Effective literacy rate for the population older than 6years is 93.17 percent.
The three largest religions is Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity, in that order. The majority of the populace are Gorkhas of ethnic Nepali Background. Indigenous ethnic group include the Limbu, Rai, Magars, Gurungs, Tamangs, Lepchas, Bhutias, Sherpas and Newars.
Other communities that inhabit Darjeeling include the Marwari, Anglo-Indians, Chinese, Biharis, Tibetans and Bengalis. The most commonly spoken languages are Nepali, Hindi and English.